"Break down barriers to safe surgery". That was Arbutus Medical's founding mission and continues to guide our everyday strides. The DrillCover technology was designed to tackle the barrier of access to sterile and affordable medical equipment. Arbutus Medical has recognized that many other organizations share this common mission and are tackling related barriers to safe surgery. One of these organizations is SPECT, Sterile Processing Education Charitable Trust. This story highlights how SPECT’s sterilization training is bringing safer surgery to healthcare facilities worldwide.Read More
Filtering by Tag: Global Surgery
Overlooking the western Costa Rican shoreline is Alturas Wildlife Sanctuary, a sanctuary providing veterinary care and accommodation to the injured, sick and orphaned wildlife of Costa Rica. Here we meet Cassius, the Tamanduas anteater.
Hit by a car and left for dead
The Tamanduas anteater are common to Latin America and live in the treetops of forests and grasslands. The animals are nocturnal and are uncomfortable on the ground, walking on the sides of their forefeet due to their sharp claws. Cassius had one day wandered onto a highway on the ground and was traumatically hit by a car. Left to die on the side of the street, Cassius was rescued and brought to the Alturas Wildlife Sanctuary.
At the sanctuary, Cassius was quickly treated by Dr. Kathy Wander and the Alturas Wildlife Team. His broken femur required surgery, with Dr. Wander using an Arbutus Medical DrillCover system to place an external-fixation device. This device consists of pins and screws placed into the bone and attached to a metal frame outside of the body. It stabilizes and aligns the broken bones during the healing process. Once Cassius's femur had healed and the external-fixation device was removed, this lucky Tamanduas anteater was released back into the wild and will hopefully never encounter a highway again.
Growing number wildlife trauma cases
While Cassius's is a success story, Dr. Wander notes the growing number of trauma cases arising from human-wildlife clashes over the last 3 years that she has been volunteering at the sanctuary. The main causes are car accidents or animals getting caught and electrocuted in power lines. This is likely due to increased traffic as a result of growth in tourism. Along with the wide array of types of animals as well as trauma procedures she finds herself performing, the Alturas Wildlife care team is faced with the additional challenges of relying on electrically-powered lighting and power tools and an unreliable power grid. To address some of these challenges in surgery, the sanctuary purchased an Arbutus Medical DrillCover Hex System, a battery-powered orthopedic drill solution, and noted "The DrillCover is a life saver for surgery here in the jungle.”
The Alturas Wildlife Sanctuary is still in need of a SawCover System, a sterile and battery-powered saw solution, allowing Dr. Wander and her team a greater chance at more success stories, like Cassius’s.
If you are interested in donating a kit, please contact us at: email@example.com.
Alturas Wildlife Sanctuary is a non-profit organization dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured, sick and orphaned wildlife here in Costa Rica. Their ultimate objective is to assist in the recovery and release of native wildlife, the sanctuary also provides lifetime accommodation and care to animals that cannot be released. The sanctuary serves as an educational center for local and international visitors and strives to improve human-wildlife co-existence and protect the diverse wildlife in Costa Rica and abroad.
Learn more and donate at: https://alturaswildlifesanctuary.org/
Name five things you need to do your job. For me that might be a laptop, phone, notebook, demo products, and an internet connection. Now imagine you are totally reliant on someone, likely in a faraway country and totally unrelated to you, to give you those tools so you can actually do your job.
That is exactly the scenario many surgeons in sub-Saharan Africa find themselves in. Arbutus Medical conducted a pilot survey in Malawi in southeastern Africa to put some numbers behind the anecdotal stories we have been hearing for years from surgeons we work with in East Africa. Malawi has a population of over 18 million people and only 9 full-time orthopaedic surgeons. To say that Malawi is short-staffed to deal with trauma cases is a gross understatement.
Free healthcare only when it is in ‘stock’
Healthcare is provided for free in Malawi. This is great - in theory - as the Malawi has a GDP per capita of US$338 (World Bank), which places it as the second poorest country in the world. However, healthcare is only “free” if it is “in stock” - if the hospital lacks the equipment or medicine you require then you either must wait or purchase it somehow. A free procedure today might cost the next patient an arm and a leg tomorrow because the supplies are unavailable and the patient cannot pay.
85% of othopedic equipment donated
For the pilot of our “Access to Orthopaedic Equipment” survey we interviewed 11 orthopaedic surgeons at 3 hospitals in two cities. Our first major finding was that as much as 85% of the equipment surgeons in Malawi reported having at the hospitals was received by donation. Furthermore, surgeons reported that almost half of the equipment is repaired by the surgical staff themselves and repairs are never even attempted for almost 1 in 5 types of equipment (Figure 1).
The fact that a lot of equipment was donated was not surprising. Since Arbutus Medicals’ commercial launch of their DrillCover product line in 2016, 31 DrillCovers/SawCovers have been shipped to Malawi, 100% of which were purchased by NGO’s. But the pilot study suggests more than a fair number of donated equipment - it suggests an overwhelming reliance on donated orthopedic surgical equipment. It is an understatement to say that the reliance on donated equipment is unsustainable.
Donation of medical equipment is unsustainable
Beyond the numbers, there are other concerns for how the orthopaedic departments are equipped. The urban hospitals in the two major cities - Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe and Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre - both feature a Western trained surgeon working there and appearing to keep the department afloat with equipment. When we asked the local Clinical Health Officers or surgeons “who fixes it when it breaks?” the reply was consistent - the surgeon, originally from Europe, fixes it or takes it back to Europe to be fixed. Thus, tools can be out of commission for extended periods of time until one of the surgeon’s trips to Europe for device repairs. Furthermore, in the absence of these Western surgeons, it is unclear if the orthopedic department would be able to keep enough equipment in operation to perform surgeries.
Reliance on donations is a troubling sign that indicates the precarious nature of access to safe orthopaedic equipment in countries like Malawi. Many researchers have published data highlighting the unsustainable nature of donations, highlighting the fact that expensive equipment from high-resource settings (which require frequent repairs and/or replacement parts) cannot be effectively serviced by supply chains in low-resource settings. Of graver concern is that this is the situation at the two major tertiary care centers in Malawi, each in a city of more than 1 million people. Rural hospitals are likely to be far worse off, which will be part of the next phase of the “Access to Orthopaedic Equipment” as well as identifying where Arbutus Medical can have an impact by becoming a long-term partner with specific hospitals.
Stay tuned for the future publication!
Written by: Tyler Algeo
‘The Gorilla Doctors...wow, what a creative, interesting and odd name for a vet clinic...’ was the first thought that came to mind in hearing about The Gorilla Doctors. After a little research, I quickly realized that The Gorilla Doctors are not a veterinary clinic and not traditional veterinarians. Let's start with Dr. Mike Cranfield, one of the 'Gorilla Doctors ', who we interviewed.
The fight for survival of a species
Over the last 20 years, Dr. Cranfield's life has been bounced between Africa and North America. The thread through his career has been, and still is species preservation, from within the bounds of the Maryland Zoo, to in the field in Africa. There he contributes to the preservation of the Mountain Gorilla and the fight to bring the species back from the brink of extinction.
The Gorilla Doctors were founded in the mid 1980s by the legendary gorilla researcher, Dr. Dian Fossey. Dr. Fossey and The Gorilla Doctors launched a radical conservation program that resulted in just over 1000 mountain gorillas now living in protected areas of the national parks of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Natural and human-induced trauma
Despite these protected natural habitats and ongoing conservation efforts, the species continues to dwindle on the brink of extinction. According to Dr. Cranfield, trauma is the leading cause of mountain gorilla death. This trauma arises from accidents, fighting between the mountain gorillas and injuries from poachers and their traps. This trauma can range from minor injuries to the loss of limbs and death of the animal.
Health of one animal is paramount to the survival of the species
With the population of 1,004 mountain gorillas in the wild, the health of each gorilla is paramount to the survival of the species. This is where the Gorilla Doctors target their conservation efforts. However, the group can only intervene and treat the mountain gorilla if the group has been "habituated" or indifferent to human presence - a process that typically takes years of work. If habituated and injured, the Gorilla Doctors intervene directly in the field from darting the animal with an injection of antibiotics to performing all types of surgeries.
In order to treat the animals in the field, the Gorilla Doctors must carry all the potentially necessary equipment in the field, often hiking kilometers in a hot and humid jungle, scouting out the frequented spots for different gorilla family groups. Only then can the medical intervention begin...
Medical equipment as the barrier to care
Dr. Cranfield told us of many cases where amputations were necessary: after a limb was caught in a snare trap, after a fight either within or between family groups. While the Gorilla Doctors have overcome many of the challenges of their work - performing surgery on a wild gorilla, intervening in the wild and outside of a operating room or medical clinic - access to the necessary equipment, for example a surgical saw, still poses a barrier in their ability to treat the gorillas and help preserve this endangered species, one gorilla at a time.
“The goal in these clinical cases is to save the animal’s life and intervene in such a way that it allows the gorilla to continue to function in the wild and contribute to the gene pool.”
We also learned from Dr. Cranfield that it is not uncommon that an amputation is required as a result of a snare trap or bite injury. To perform amputations cleanly and efficiently and maximize the chance of success, the Gorilla Doctors would need an oscillating saw which they currently don’t have. In another case Dr. Cranfield recalls feeling uneasy going to rescue an ensnared gorilla while followed by a TV crew working on a documentary. The team believed that the snare had caused significant soft tissue injury and would require amputation but they didn’t have adequate instruments to perform the procedure.
Donate so the Gorilla Doctors can get a saw
We at Arbutus Medical are very inspired by the exceptional work the Gorilla Doctors do and want to help them to keep even a single injured individual to increase the mountain gorilla population. If this makes you just as happy and proud, please contact us to help fund enough to give the Gorilla Doctors a saw.
To help us provide a saw, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you would like to support the Gorilla Doctors by making a monetary donation in any amount, you can do that at their website: http://www.gorilladoctors.org.